Language Mundurukú

Treebank

Coordinates WGS848°25'S, 57°41'W
-8.41, -57.69
Concept Orthographic form Tokens Simple Cognate Partial Cognate Notes Morphemes
Pulmonic Consonants
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
↓ Manner Bilabial Labio­dental Linguo­labial Dental Alveolar Palato-
alveolar
Retroflex Alveolo-
palatal
Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal
/ Epiglottal
Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p b t d  k g ʔ
Sibilant affricate ts
Non-sibilant affricate
Sibilant fricative s ʃ
Non-sibilant fricative h
Approximant  j
Flap or tap
Trill r
Lateral affricate
Lateral fricative
Lateral approximant
Lateral flap
Implosive
Front Near-front Central Near-back Back Close Near-close Close-mid Mid Open-mid Near-open Open nasalized unrounded close front vowel iunrounded close front vowel ĩ́nasalized unrounded close front with-high_tone vowel unrounded close front with-high_tone vowel iunrounded close front vowel ɨunrounded close central vowel ɨ̃nasalized unrounded close central vowel urounded close back vowel nasalized rounded close back vowel éːlong unrounded close-mid front with-high_tone vowel eunrounded close-mid front vowel nasalized unrounded close-mid front vowel unrounded close-mid front with-high_tone vowel long unrounded close-mid front vowel rounded close-mid back with-high_tone vowel ṍnasalized rounded close-mid back with-high_tone vowel orounded close-mid back vowel nasalized rounded close-mid back vowel nasalized rounded close-mid back vowel ə̃nasalized unrounded mid central vowel ə̃́ːlong nasalized unrounded mid central with-high_tone vowel ə̃nasalized unrounded mid central vowel ə́unrounded mid central with-high_tone vowel ə̃́nasalized unrounded mid central with-high_tone vowel əunrounded mid central vowel nasalized unrounded open front vowel unrounded open front with-high_tone vowel ã́nasalized unrounded open front with-high_tone vowel aunrounded open front vowel
Vowels
Other phonemes
ia from unrounded close front to unrounded open front diphthong
oi from rounded close-mid back to unrounded close front diphthong
ie from unrounded close front to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
oe from rounded close-mid back to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
aõ from unrounded open front to nasalized rounded close-mid back diphthong
ão from nasalized unrounded open front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
eo from unrounded close-mid front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
ao from unrounded open front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
əi from unrounded mid central to unrounded close front diphthong
ae from unrounded open front to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
from unrounded close-mid front to unrounded mid central diphthong
oĩ from rounded close-mid back to nasalized unrounded close front diphthong
ai from unrounded open front to unrounded close front diphthong
nd from voiced alveolar nasal to voiced alveolar stop cluster
ui from rounded close back to unrounded close front diphthong
w voiced labio-velar approximant consonant
oa from rounded close-mid back to unrounded open front diphthong
io from unrounded close front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
oá from rounded close-mid back to unrounded open front with-high_tone diphthong
ua from rounded close back to unrounded open front diphthong
aĩ́ from unrounded open front to nasalized unrounded close front with-high_tone diphthong
oé from rounded close-mid back to unrounded close-mid front with-high_tone diphthong
ei from unrounded close-mid front to unrounded close front diphthong
õẽ from nasalized rounded close-mid back to nasalized unrounded close-mid front diphthong