Language Makurap

Treebank

Coordinates WGS8411°52'S, 64°19'W
-11.87, -64.32
Concept Orthographic form Tokens Simple Cognate Partial Cognate Notes Morphemes
Pulmonic Consonants
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
↓ Manner Bilabial Labio­dental Linguo­labial Dental Alveolar Palato-
alveolar
Retroflex Alveolo-
palatal
Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal
/ Epiglottal
Glottal
Nasal m  n ɲ ŋ
Stop p b t d  k ⁿg g ʔ
Sibilant affricate ts
Non-sibilant affricate
Sibilant fricative s z ʃ ʒ
Non-sibilant fricative β h
Approximant l j
Flap or tap ɾ
Trill r 
Lateral affricate
Lateral fricative
Lateral approximant
Lateral flap
Implosive
Front Near-front Central Near-back Back Close Near-close Close-mid Mid Open-mid Near-open Open nasalized unrounded close front vowel iunrounded close front vowel ĩːlong nasalized unrounded close front vowel long unrounded close front vowel ɨunrounded close central vowel ɨːlong unrounded close central vowel ɨːlong unrounded close central vowel ɨ̃nasalized unrounded close central vowel urounded close back vowel nasalized rounded close back vowel ɪunrounded near-close near-front vowel eunrounded close-mid front vowel nasalized unrounded close-mid front vowel long unrounded close-mid front vowel orounded close-mid back vowel nasalized rounded close-mid back vowel long rounded close-mid back vowel long rounded close-mid back vowel ə̃nasalized unrounded mid central vowel ə̃nasalized unrounded mid central vowel əunrounded mid central vowel ɛunrounded open-mid front vowel nasalized unrounded open front vowel unrounded open front with-high_tone vowel aunrounded open front vowel long unrounded open front vowel
Vowels
Other phonemes
ia from unrounded close front to unrounded open front diphthong
oi from rounded close-mid back to unrounded close front diphthong
aĩ from unrounded open front to nasalized unrounded close front diphthong
oe from rounded close-mid back to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
ŋkʷ from voiced velar nasal to labialized voiceless velar stop cluster
ea from unrounded close-mid front to unrounded open front diphthong
iã from unrounded close front to nasalized unrounded open front diphthong
from rounded close-mid back to unrounded close central diphthong
iẽ from unrounded close front to nasalized unrounded close-mid front diphthong
eo from unrounded close-mid front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
ə̃i from nasalized unrounded mid central to unrounded close front diphthong
mb from voiced bilabial nasal to voiced bilabial stop cluster
iõ from unrounded close front to nasalized rounded close-mid back diphthong
ao from unrounded open front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
ĩã from nasalized unrounded close front to nasalized unrounded open front diphthong
əi from unrounded mid central to unrounded close front diphthong
ɨe from unrounded close central to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
õə̃ from nasalized rounded close-mid back to nasalized unrounded mid central diphthong
from unrounded open front to unrounded close central diphthong
au from unrounded open front to rounded close back diphthong
ae from unrounded open front to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
ue from rounded close back to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
ɨã from unrounded close central to nasalized unrounded open front diphthong
ŋg from voiced velar nasal to voiced velar stop cluster
from unrounded close-mid front to unrounded close central diphthong
ai from unrounded open front to unrounded close front diphthong
oã from rounded close-mid back to nasalized unrounded open front diphthong
nd from voiced alveolar nasal to voiced alveolar stop cluster
ɨa from unrounded close central to unrounded open front diphthong
oẽ from rounded close-mid back to nasalized unrounded close-mid front diphthong
w voiced labio-velar approximant consonant
from rounded close-mid back to unrounded mid central diphthong
oa from rounded close-mid back to unrounded open front diphthong
io from unrounded close front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
ua from rounded close back to unrounded open front diphthong
ei from unrounded close-mid front to unrounded close front diphthong