Language Monde

Coordinates WGS8412°03'S, 61°15'W
-12.05, -61.25
Concept Orthographic form Tokens Simple Cognate Partial Cognate Notes Morphemes
Pulmonic Consonants
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
↓ Manner Bilabial Labio­dental Linguo­labial Dental Alveolar Palato-
alveolar
Retroflex Alveolo-
palatal
Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal
/ Epiglottal
Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p b t d  k  g ʔ
Sibilant affricate ts dz
Non-sibilant affricate
Sibilant fricative s z ʃ ʒ
Non-sibilant fricative β
Approximant l j
Flap or tap
Trill r
Lateral affricate
Lateral fricative
Lateral approximant
Lateral flap
Implosive
Front Near-front Central Near-back Back Close Near-close Close-mid Mid Open-mid Near-open Open unrounded close front with-low_tone vowel nasalized unrounded close front vowel nasalized unrounded close front vowel iunrounded close front vowel unrounded close front with-high_tone vowel ĩːlong nasalized unrounded close front vowel iunrounded close front vowel long unrounded close front vowel ɨunrounded close central vowel ɨːlong unrounded close central vowel urounded close back vowel rounded close back with-high_tone vowel urounded close back vowel nasalized rounded close back vowel eunrounded close-mid front vowel nasalized unrounded close-mid front vowel unrounded close-mid front with-high_tone vowel long unrounded close-mid front vowel rounded close-mid back with-high_tone vowel orounded close-mid back vowel nasalized rounded close-mid back vowel long rounded close-mid back vowel long unrounded open front vowel aunrounded open front vowel ãːlong nasalized unrounded open front vowel nasalized unrounded open front vowel unrounded open front with-high_tone vowel áːlong unrounded open front with-high_tone vowel ã́nasalized unrounded open front with-high_tone vowel aunrounded open front vowel long unrounded open front vowel
Vowels
Other phonemes
ia from unrounded close front to unrounded open front diphthong
ão from nasalized unrounded open front to rounded close-mid back diphthong
ea from unrounded close-mid front to unrounded open front diphthong
ã́ã́ from nasalized unrounded open front with-high_tone to nasalized unrounded open front with-high_tone diphthong
ṍṍ from nasalized rounded close-mid back with-high_tone to nasalized rounded close-mid back with-high_tone diphthong
óó from rounded close-mid back with-high_tone to rounded close-mid back with-high_tone diphthong
ẽe from nasalized unrounded close-mid front to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
mb from voiced bilabial nasal to voiced bilabial stop cluster
ãa from nasalized unrounded open front to unrounded open front diphthong
ía from unrounded close front with-high_tone to unrounded open front diphthong
ae from unrounded open front to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
ŋg from voiced velar nasal to voiced velar stop cluster
uá from rounded close back to unrounded open front with-high_tone diphthong
ai from unrounded open front to unrounded close front diphthong
eá from unrounded close-mid front to unrounded open front with-high_tone diphthong
úú from rounded close back with-high_tone to rounded close back with-high_tone diphthong
nd from voiced alveolar nasal to voiced alveolar stop cluster
ãe from nasalized unrounded open front to unrounded close-mid front diphthong
w voiced labio-velar approximant consonant
ĩi from nasalized unrounded close front to unrounded close front diphthong
íi from unrounded close front with-high_tone to unrounded close front diphthong
oɨ̃ from rounded close-mid back to nasalized unrounded close central diphthong
oa from rounded close-mid back to unrounded open front diphthong
uí from rounded close back to unrounded close front with-high_tone diphthong
íí from unrounded close front with-high_tone to unrounded close front with-high_tone diphthong
õo from nasalized rounded close-mid back to rounded close-mid back diphthong
ua from rounded close back to unrounded open front diphthong
io from unrounded close front to rounded close-mid back diphthong